8 facts about HIV AIDS:
What is AIDS?
HIV is an infection that assaults the immune system of the body. A disease in which there is a serious loss of the body’s cellular immunity, significantly bringing down the resistance to disease and malignancy.
- HIV infects cells of the immune system:
Disease brings about the dynamic deterioration of the immune system, separating the body’s capacity to fight off a few diseases. AIDS is the most developed stage of HIV disease, characterized by more than 20 sharp infections or cancers.
- How It transferred:
It can be transferred with following things:
- Sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal)
- Sharing injection of infected person
- Tattooing machines
- Surgical instrument
- It can also transfer from mother to child during breastfeeding.
- How to prevent:
Some things you can avoid to prevent HIV:
- Tested and treated for sexually transmitted infections
- Avoid injecting drugs
- Blood products that you might need are tested for HIV
- If you have HIV then start antiretroviral therapy as soon as possible as you can
- Always use pre-exposure prophylaxis prior to engaging in high risk behaviour
- You know 36.8 million peoples are living with HIV around the world.
All inclusive, an expected 36.8 million (34.0–39.8 million) peoples were living with HIV in 2015, and 1.8 million (1.5–2.0 million) of these were youngsters. Most by far of individuals living with HIV are in low-and centre wage nations. An expected 2.6 million (1.8–2.6 million) peopleswere recently contaminated with HIV in 2015. An expected 35 million individuals have died from HIV-related causes up until this point, including 1.1 million (940 000–1.3 million) in 2015.
- Blend antiretroviral treatment keeps HIV from increasing in the body
In case, that the propagation of HIV stops, at that point the body’s safe cells can live more and furnish the body with protection from infections. Powerful ART canreduce the viral load, the measure of infection in the body, significantly decreasing the danger of transmitting the infection sexual partners. In case, that the HIV positive accomplice in a couple is on powerful ART, the probability of sexual transmission to the HIV-negative can be reduced by 96%. Extending scope of HIV treatment adds to HIV prevention efforts.
- As of mid-2015, 17.4 million peoples were getting ART around the world:
You know more than 16 million lived in low-and centre pay countries. In 2016, WHO discharged the second release of the “Consolidated rules on the utilization of antiretroviral drugs for treating the HIV disease” These rules exhibit a few new recommendations, including the suggestion to give long lasting ART to all youngsters, teenagers and grown-ups, including all pregnant and breastfeeding ladies living with HIV, paying little heed to CD4 cell consider soon as possible after finding.
Who has likewise extended before suggestions to offer pre-presentation prophylaxis of HIV to choose peoples at substantial danger of securing HIV?First-linetreatments are additionally suggested.
- HIV testing can help in treatment:
Access to HIV testing and pharmaceuticals can be quickened so as to achieve the goal of completion AIDS by 2030. HIV testing reach is yet restricted, as an expected 40% of individuals with HIV or more than 14 million individuals stay undiscovered and don’t have the foggiest idea about their disease status. WHO is prescribing creative HIV-self-testing to deal with increasing HIV testing administrations among undiagnosed peoples?
- End of mother to child transmission:
Access to preventive intercessions stays limited in some low-and centre income countries. You know anticipation of mother to child transmission of HIV and keeping moms alive. In 2015, very nearly 8 out of 10 pregnant ladies living with HIV – 1.1 million ladies – got antiretroviral around the world. In 2015, Cuba was the primary nation announced having disposed of mother to child transmission of HIV and syphilis. In June 2016, 3 different nations: Armenia, Belarus and Thailand were likewise approved for dispensing with mother to child HIV.